Secção Glossário
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Palaestra
In its widest sense indicates a gymnasium, in a more restricted meaning it designates that section which is reserved for physical education

Palindrome
Word or phrase which is unaltered if read backwards.

Paraison
Portion of blown glass which the vessel was modeled.

Pastinum
Fork with two teeth used to plant seeds and vines.

Patera
Deep round recipient with a smooth horizontal handle, grooved or decorated on the tip by a human or animal head.

Pax Romana
Expression which alludes to the political and economic stabillity and to the social tranquility which the Roman Empire brought to the people.

Perforated flat pin
Piece of bone or wood used to hold the belt of the spinning wheel.

Peristyle
Inner courtyard surrounded by porticoes.

Phalera
Medal or pendant used by the military as an award, amulet or ornament of military equipment or harness.

Phalus
Representation of the male sexual organ.

Pilaster
Vertical architectonic element that supports the blinder or the arch.

Pilum
Dart or javelin used by the infantry (heavy weapon of the legionaries).

Pilum spiculum
Dart or javelin used by the cavalry (light weapon of the cavalry).

Placenta, ae
Cake made of flour and oats mixed with cheese and honey.

Plough beam
horizontal arm of a plough.

Podium
Base of a building, particularly of a temple.

Pondera, ae
Loom weight.

Praefurnium
Furnace;

Princeps, es
First centurian of the first cohort; second file of the legion.

Pronaos
Place under the front porch of a temple.

Puls juliana
Gruel made of cereals with a predominance of wheat.

Putto
Winged infantile figure.



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